For many ELD students, literacy is only part of the equation for closing gaps in their prior schooling experiences; Math is equally important and requires adaptations to their regular classroom programming and assessment in order for students to be successful. Often adapted programming consists of placing the ELD student in locally developed or Special Education tutoring programs. Students may be successful in these programs, on the surface, but they may not be receiving instruction that will help them to understand and apply basic mathematical concepts; instead they maybe using assisstive technology and techniques that help them to perform tasks in a variety of strands without true comprehension. This is similar to literacy instruction that doesn't include phonics and phonemic awareness; students may be able to memorize patterns and repeat them with support, but are never truly literate. Math programs for ELD must address their specific numeracy gaps. To determine what gaps exist, the Ministry has released math tests for ELLs; information about these tests can be found online at the EDUGAINS website. From there, ESL teachers must work with the school team and Math specialists to plan programming for individual ELLs.